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Gross Motor Skills: Birth to 5 years

April 5, 2016

Gross motor skills involve the larger muscles in the arms, legs and torso. Gross motor activities include walking, running, throwing, lifting, kicking, etc. These skills also relate to body awareness, reaction speed, balance and strength. Here are general guidelines for gross motor development for children ages 0 to 5 years.

3-4 months
Can raise head when pulled to sitting position

4 months
Rolls from back to side

5 months
Rolls from back to front

6 months
Can raise chest and upper part of abdomen (when on stomach)

7 months
Can bear weight on one hand while exploring with the other hand (when on stomach)

6-7 months
Sits alone

8-10 months
Crawls

10-11 months
Cruises around furniture

9-12 months
Reaches actively for toy (when in sitting position)

11-12 months
Pulls to a standing position

15 months
Walks alone well
Squats and stands back up
Walks up and down steps holding hand

18 months
Can run, though falls easily

2 years
Walks and runs fairly well
Can jump with both feet
Can climb stairs without support
Can kick a ball

3 years
Can balance on one foot for a few seconds
Can broad jump 10-24 inches
Can catch a large ball

By 4 years
Can run, jump and climb well, is beginning to skip
Hops proficiently on one foot
Catches a ball reliably
Can ride a tricycle
Begins somersaults

By 5 years
Can skip on alternate feet and jump rope
Beginning to skate and swim
Climbing well

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